All about Food Labelling Regulations in India that manufacturers must know
A whole range of food products sold in India packaged before is essential to meet the regulations of Food Safety and Standards 2011. This regulation is notified by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India that comes under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Here we take a peek into the regulations concerned with food labeling in India.
Norms associated with application of Food Labelling Regulations
As per regulation, the “Prepackaged” or “Pre-packed food” must meet India❜s labeling regulations. According to rules, prepackaged food is kept within a package of any kind so that no one can change the content unless tampered with. These are readily available for sale.
General Labelling Requirements
Prepackaged foods must comply with the following labeling essentials in India.
1. The labels need to be in English or Hindi, or Devnagri language. Alongside, it may possess details in any other language, as per requirement.
2. Details about the food must be there in the labels that could be flawed and deceptive related to the product.
3. The label should be attached to the container in a way that can’t be easily removed.
4. There should be clear details within the label for easy understanding of consumer.
5. The wrapper of container must have requisite detail regarding the product.
6. The food’s name must be specified along name of the trade and details of the food within. Upon having multiple ingredients, then complete details of ingredients must be provided with descending order of their composition in terms of weight while being manufactured.
Apart from these, there are numerous norms related to labeling that can be applicable for pre-packed foods. One must consult with an FSSAI expert before lunch.
Nutritional detail per 100 ml of serving should be there on the label and below details.
1. Amount of energy in Kcal;
2. Amount of protein, sugar, and fat in gram or ml
3. Amount of all other nutrient requiring nutritional claim:
Noteworthy here is that any “health claim” or “nutrition claim” or “risk reduction” claim over the label is put under scrutiny by the FSSAI officials. Therefore, these claims should be authenticated by test data. According to rules, the definition of “health claim” or “nutrition claim” is as follows.
1. “Health claims” are those representation suggests that a relationship remains between food or an element of that food and health and involves nutrition claims that depict the physiological role of it in growth and regular functionality of the body, other aspects related with certain advantages associated with food consumption or its elements, in relation with the diet, on general functions or biological functionality of the body and claims like these narrate positivity with the health or for functional development or to enhance and conserve the health, or disease, lowering the threats associated with the consumption of food or elements in relation with the overall diet, to the lowered threats of causing a disease or state of health.
2. “Nutritionclaim” represents the states that indicate that food has a certain nutritional characteristic that is not confined with the energy value but involves protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
3. “Risk reduction” about the health claims indicates drastically changing a prime risk factor for a disease or condition concerned with health.
Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Symbol
A whole range of packaged “Non-Vegetarian” foods should contain a symbol that is a circle filled in brown color within a square having a brown border. If the food possesses only egg, then the manufacturer may claim that the product contains only egg along with the non-vegetarian symbol.
Package of vegetarian foods should have a symbol that is a circle packed with green color with a green outline.
Details concerned with Additives, Colouring agents and Flavours
There should be a clear mention of food elements and titles of classes with certain names or acknowledged numerical identities. Blending of coloring agents should be specified on the label along with specific statements like “CONTAINS PERMITTED NATURAL COLOUR(S),” just under the line-up of the ingredients over the label. Upon blending too much of flavor causing elements, there should be a statement like “CONTAINS ADDED FLAVOUR” right under the list of ingredients on the label.
Complete detail of name and address of the manufacturer
Name along thorough address detail of the manufacturer should be there on each package. For imported food, there should be details name and address detail of the importer on the package.
Whole packaged food should contain the ultimate quality in terms of weight, volume, or simply number, as it is claimed. The total amount of product within the package should minus the wrappers❜ weight and other stuff used for packaging.
Batch or Lot number
Lot, batch, or code numbers should be specified over the packaged foods for smooth tracing through the process of manufacturing and distribution. Only foods that don’t meet this norm are bread and milk (which includes sterilized milk).
Details of Manufacturing or Packaging days
Details of manufacturing date, including month and year, or even pre-packaging, should be specified over the label. If those foodstuffs with a shelf life of above three months, then the detail of month and year of manufacturing can be specified as the “Best Before Date.” As far as the products with a shelf life of fewer than three months, the details of date, month, and year on which the commodity is made or packed or pre-packed should be specified over the label along best before date.
Nation of Origin for Imported Food
In case of imported food, the nation of origin of the food must be specified over the food label. As far as food products going through processing in another country that alters its nature, the nation where the processing is done must be considered as the nation of origin regarding labeling purpose.
Important: Please note that the information on this page / site is provided as general information for better understanding for the user and does not constitute tax, legal, or other professional advice and must not be used as such. Please consult your professional adviser(s) if you have any questions / doubts regarding the above.